What you Will Learn
The human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, is a virus that’s transmitted through the blood and bodily fluids. HIV assaults the CD4+ T cells, that are blood cells that assist the physique struggle ailments and germs. It might result in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, or AIDS, which happens when HIV reaches its closing stage and the physique cannot combat off ailments. Many sufferers would not have any signs for as much as 10 years. Nevertheless, some sufferers might develop many signs shortly after being contaminated.
Sufferers lately contaminated with HIV might expertise an acute an infection. Throughout this part, the virus reproduces quickly within the physique and destroys the physique’s CD4+ T cells. This results in the looks of the acute HIV syndrome. In response to AIDS.gov, about 2 to four weeks after buying the virus, the affected person might develop flu-like signs, together with headache, fever, muscle aches, sore throat and fatigue. These signs normally resolve in a few month. Normally, the affected person is believed to the flu and HIV just isn’t recognized.
Sufferers with an HIV an infection might develop lack of urge for food, which might result in a big loss in weight. Though this symptom is extra frequent within the later levels of HIV, it could even be current throughout the acute part. Unexplained weight reduction could also be on account of many illnesses and the affected person ought to contact a doctor if she experiences vital weight reduction.
Nausea and Diarrhea may additionally develop inside a couple of weeks after changing into contaminated with HIV, states HIV-Signs.information. These signs might also be confused with the flu or different an infection and go away inside a number of weeks.
Pores and skin rash might develop throughout the acute section of HIV. The rash characterised by crimson, small crimson bumps on the pores and skin. The rash could also be confused with an allergic response. The affected person ought to contact a doctor if a rash develops to make sure that additional medical examination or therapy if not obligatory.
Throughout the acute HIV syndrome, swollen lymph nodes are one other widespread symptom. After different signs have disappeared the lymph nodes stay enlarged. Felt as small, painless lumps in the neck, below the arms or within the groin, states Merck.com. If an affected person notices lumps or unexplained swelling, he ought to inform a doctor who can carry out the right blood exams.
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